SAFFRON, Crocus sativa - iridác
Serbácea Plant with the bulb massive, flattened, dry scales, having some leaves near the top rudimentary. Whitish and other green slightly ribbed; flowers with short stalk, with the tube perigonial very long, purplish, with longitudinal grooves.
The stigmas are red jagged at the apex tubulosos and shaped horn.
Saffron has also been used for medicinal purposes for centuries. Historically been used in the treatment of cancer and depressive states. Such applications have been researched today. Promising and selective effects against cancer have been observed in vitro and in vivo, but not yet in clinical trials. Antidepressant effects were also found in vivo and in preliminary clinical studies. There is therefore interesting perspectives for the use of extracts of turmeric in rational phytotherapy.