sexta-feira, 17 de maio de 2013

Vanilla

VANILLA Vanilha planifolia - Mexico and India




This is an orchid that has thick aerial roots with which it attaches itself to tree trunks. Vanilla takes the shape and proportion of a liana. The oval lanceolate leaves  by vertical streaks are of darker green. Flowers of yellowish green color gives life to fruits with elongated shape of a pod of very pleasant aroma.

Part used: beans.

Planting: Multiplication: reproduced by cuttings (slips); Cultivation: tropical climate, vanilla tolerate hot and cold climates, but prefers the mild climate. Plant in dry soils, fresh and rich in organic matter. Can be planted all year round but prefer early spring. Is vine and needs to be planted in vines. Harvest: Harvesting the fruits when they are about to mature.

Habitat: Occurs also in Brazil. The largest producing state is Bahia.


History: The Spaniards took the vanilla to Europe from the Aztecs who used it as an aphrodisiac. Renowned in the culinary world. It is not known for being digestive, soothing,  just for its wonderful flavor and aroma. Part of the homeopathic pharmacopoeia.

Active Ingredients: acetic acid, ethyl vanilil, sugars, ethanol, waxes, cinnamate, eugenol, yeasts, furfural, fats, mucilage, resins, and tannins.

Medicinal properties: aphrodisiac, antispasmodic, antiseptic, flavoring, likely slightly choleretic, digestive, emmenagogue, stimulant, general tonic. Popularly used as an aphrodisiac and emmenagogue (provokes menstruation).
 

Indications:
Uterine and nerve disorders, broker taste, diarrhea, hepatobiliary dyskinesia, hiposecretoras dyspepsia, spasms, sterility, stimulating, lack of energy, not dynamic fevers, flatulence, impotence, hysterical melancholy, chronic rheumatism.


In homeopathy:
nervous and uterine disorders, seizures, metritis, hypochondria, alone or mixed with other herbs.


Pediatric Use: The same information possible.

Use in pregnancy and lactation: There is no information on its pharmacokinetics and its use in these conditions. Should avoid its use 
above the daily doses.
 


Part used: dried fruit.
 
Contraindications / cautions:
nursing mothers, children under 6 years, patients with respiratory allergies, gastritis, gastroduodenal ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, liver diseases, epilepsy, Parkinson's and other neurological diseases, hypersensitivity to essential oil vanilla, oil of cinnamon and oil of balsam Peru (often give cross reactions).

Side Effects:
pure essential oil can be neurotoxic and produce contact dermatitis.
The use in excessive doses can cause nausea.

How to use:
Tincture of vanilla: macerate 15 g vanilla pods, sliced ​​in half liter of alcohol at 90 °. Leave 15 days, filter dye. Keep it in a tightly closed bottle, using it to flavor chocolate, pies, cakes, sweet pastries, pancakes, puddings, ice cream, cookies, creams, sauces for desserts. Dose: 0,3 to 2 g. / Day.

Dosage:
Adults: Vanilla is found as gastronomic product in beans. We do not recommend the use of essences as they tend to be synthetic. The beans are very aromatic and can be used starting in decoction. We found no references dosage, but culinary use 1/10 of a cup bean flavored liquid.
 

Pharmacology:

Very little has been studied about the vanilla. It is known that the essential oil has mild calming action.

Source:
 
Perfuming PIES AND CAKES:
15 gr. Vanilla pods, cut them into pieces and steeps them for 15 days in a pint of alcohol 90. Filter and store them in a tightly capped.


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