Basil - Parietaria officinalis - Urticaceae - Europe
It is a small plant that has oval leaves and small greenish or reddish flowers. This plant blooms mainly from July to October.
One of the most intriguing features of this plant is that germinate and grow almost anywhere, for example in road cracks and holes in the walls.This plant belongs to the Urticaceae family, the same family which belongs to famous nettle, so to Nettle basil sharing some morphological characteristics, such as size, shape of leaves, and even the characteristic stinging nettles, and the hairs on the basil does not cause skin irritation.
This plant was used to soothe burns, swellings, sores, chapped lips or skin, anal fissures and nipple lesions.Tea made from basil leaves, mixed with honey is widely used to combat various diseases of the urinary tract. The continuous consumption of this tea can help dissolve kidney stones, thus avoiding surgery.
The tea basil also prevents urine retention, since the consumption of basil increases the production of very dilute urine. It is also advised for people with digestive problems, stomach and intestinal disorders, flatulence, hepatitis, fever and cough.
Popular name: Basil-the-snake parietaria, grass walls, stick walls herb, herb santana, Our Lady of grass, grass walls, and FAVACA FAVACA-snake (Beira Baixa), helxina, snake (Extremadura), colerinha palietária , palietária, paletaina, palitaina, paleiro, pulitaina (Ponte de Lima), pulitária, nettle mansa (Azores).
The whole plant.
Nephritis, cystitis, prostatitis, kidney stones, oliguria, heavy digestions, flatulence, hepatitis, fever, burns, sores, chapped lips, skin, nipple and anal fissures.
Infusion: 30 to 50 g of the fresh plant or dried for 1 liter of boiling water, that is drunk in doses over 5 daysJuice: the plant to take one tablespoon freshly deciliter 3 times per day.The alcohol and dye: 50 drops per day.Fluid Extract: maximum dose of 20 ml per day.
Baths: Infusion of 60 g of fresh or dried plant for 1 liter of boiling water.Gargle: Infusion of 60 g of fresh or dried plant for 1 liter of boiling water.Poultices: fine crushed fresh plant, which applies in the area treated.
Have not been reported any harmful side effects.
Veterinary: infusion or cooking for treatment of nephritis of bovineBibliography: Nunes, John R., 'Folk Medicine Treatment by-medicinal plants', Litexa Publisher, September 1999, Chaves, Antonio J. Leal - "Live Better with Medicinal Plants" - Une Editions - 2008